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引用本文:陈嘉成,李雅南,金鑫虹,周成林.高水平羽毛球运动员抑制控制特点:一项 ERP的研究[J].天津体育学院学报,2018,33(2):131-138
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高水平羽毛球运动员抑制控制特点:一项 ERP的研究
陈嘉成, 李雅南, 金鑫虹, 周成林
上海体育学院运动科学学院,上海 200438
摘要:
目的:抑制控制,主要由反应抑制与反应调整两部分组成,它不仅在人类日常生活扮演重要角色,且在竞技体育领域也是运动员不可或缺 的关键能力之一。本研究主要探究高水平羽毛球运动员抑制控制的行为优势,探究其在反应抑制及反应调整过程中的动作执行特点。方法:运 用专家-新手范式,采用信号停止任务和信号变换任务,比较高水平羽毛球运动员(19名)与普通大学生(20名),对 2种任务条件下的反应速度及 正确率进行比较。研究采用混合设计,组间变量为组别,组内变量为任务类型。记录和分析反应时及事件相关电位(ERP)数据。结果表明:在 所有任务条件下,2组被试的正确率无显著差异,但高水平羽毛球运动员在反应调整过程中,其抑制反应和变换反应时较短,go刺激诱发的 P2波 幅更大,且高水平羽毛球运动员的 P2波幅与 CSRT成负相关,说明高水平羽毛球运动员更快的抑制速度与他们对 Go信号进一步的解释有关。结 论:高水平羽毛球运动员具有动作抑制速度、变换速度快,对变换信号准备更充分等特点,这些特征对更好地指导羽毛球运动员抑制功能及变换 速度训练提供理论基础。
关键词:  羽毛球  运动员  抑制控制  停止任务  变换任务  ERP
DOI:10.13297/j.cnki.issn1005-0000.2018.02.006
分类号:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(项目编号:31571151);上海市科学技术委员能力建设项目(项目编号:17080503100)
Inhibition Control Processing in Elite Badminton Players:An ERPs study
CHEN Jiacheng, LI Yanan, JIN Xinhong, ZHOU Chenglin
School of Kinesiology,Shanghai University of Sport,Shanghai 200438,China
Abstract:
Object:Inhibitory control,which is composed of response inhibition and response reengagement,plays an essential role in goal-directed behavior not only in daily life,but also in sports. The aim of present study is to observe the superiority in inhibitory control in badminton experts,investigating the features of action execution in response inhibition and response reengagement processing. Methods:The expert-novice design was adopted,the reaction time and the re? sponse accuracy were collected through Stop Signal Task and Change Signal Task between badminton experts group(N=19)and control group(N=20). A mixed design was adopted in the present study. The between-subjects factor was group,the within-subjects factor was inhibitory tasks,SST & CST. Reaction times(RTs)and event-related potentials(ERPs)were recorded and analyzed. Results:There are no significant difference on response accuracy through two tasks in two groups,badminton experts showed a better performance in response reengagement with shorter CSRT and Change RT in Change Signal Task. What’ s more,during successful go trials in CST,the amplitude of the ERP component P2 was larger for badminton experts than for nonathletes,indicates that the fast? er inhibition speed in badminton experts compared with nonathletes was related to the further explanation to the Go signals. Conclusions:The badminton ex? perts had advantages in inhibitory control in that they could inhibit and reengage movement more quickly,at the same time,they are better prepared for the change signal. These features in badminton experts can provide some theoretical instruction for training on inhibitory function and reengagement speed in bad? minton athletes.
Key words:  badminton  athletes  inhibitory control  stop-signal task  change-signal task  ERP
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