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引用本文:王 茜,何川秀玥,翁 敏.社区健身苑点均等化供给测度及空间布局优化——以上海市为例[J].天津体育学院学报,2018,33(2):170-176
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社区健身苑点均等化供给测度及空间布局优化——以上海市为例
王 茜1, 何川秀玥2, 翁 敏3
1.湖北经济学院体育经济与管理学院,湖北武汉 430205;2.美国加州大学心理与脑科学系,加州圣芭芭拉 93101;3.武汉大学资源与环境科学学院,湖北武汉 430079
摘要:
从均匀、均衡、均质 3个维度提出社区健身苑点供给均等化测度指标体系,借助 Delaunay三角网构建社区健身苑点空间布局优化模型。以上 海市为实证研究,结果显示:(1)上海市各街道普遍存在社区健身苑点供给不均等问题;(2)社区健身苑点的小区覆盖率较低,集中分布在中心城区 人口较多的小区;(3)社区健身苑点供给规模存在显著的“城乡二元”结构,供给不足和空间覆盖不均衡是主要原因;(4)弱势群体聚集区,尤其是外 来务工人员居住的非中心城区,社区健身苑点供给规模失配度极高;(5)新增社区健身苑点,消除供给盲区,是改善上海市社区健身苑点供给不均等 的关键。建议:调整政府职能,树立公共体育服务均等供给意识;整合利益诉求,完善公共体育设施配置制度;加快公共体育用地专项规划编制,加 强规划保障落实力度。
关键词:  社区健身苑点  公共体育服务均等化  体育设施优化  空间布局
DOI:10.13297/j.cnki.issn1005-0000.2018.02.011
分类号:
基金项目:教育部人文社会科学研究项目(项目编号:15YJC890036)
Measurement and Spatial Optimization of the Provision of Sports Facilities in Community:A Case of Shanghai
WANG Qian1, HE Chuanxiuyue2, WENG Min3
1. School of Sports Economics and Management,Hubei University of Economics,Wuhan 430205,China;2. Dept. of Psychological & Brain Sciences,University of California,Santa Barbara 93101,USA;3. School of Resource and Environmental Sciences,Wuhan University,Wuhan 430079,China
Abstract:
A measurement indicator system for the equalization of community sports facilities(CSFs)provision is established from three aspects:equality,bal? ance and homogeneity. We conducted an optimization model in Shanghai using Delaunay triangulation network. The analysis results showed that:Unequal provi? sion of CSF was a widely existed problem in Shanghai;The coverage rate of CSFs was relatively low since CSF is mainly concentrated in the central district;The provision scale of CSFs presented an‘urban-rural’disparity structure,which could be attributed to the low provision quantity and unbalanced spatial cover? age;Extremely high unmatchable degree was observed in communities with great proportion of migration in the outskirt;Constructing new CSFs and eliminat? ing the blind areas were needed to release the unequal provision of CSF in Shanghai. Based on the findings,we suggested that to adjust government functions and establishing an awareness of equal CSFs provision;integrate demands of multi-interests and improving the CSFs allocation system;accelerate the compila? tion of special land use plan for public sports facilities,and strengthen the implementation of such plans.
Key words:  sports facilities in community  equalization of sports public service  optimization of sports facilities  spatial pattern
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